Cow’s milk has been part of the human diet for at least 8,000 years and provides a rich source of proteins, lipids, vitamins, and minerals. Despite its longstanding importance in human nutrition, questions remain about how compatible cow’s milk is with our immune system. Cow’s milk allergy (CMA) is the most common form of food allergy in infants and children, and cow’s milk has been implicated in several immune-mediated disorders.
Reviewing current research obtained through Google Scholar and Touro’s library database on CMA and the potential role of cow’s milk in systemic inflammation and autoimmunity reveals a tangle of contradictory findings and competing explanations.
While current research does not indicate a significant connection between cow’s milk and systemic inflammation in healthy adults or to Rheumatoid Arthritis, it does provide substantial, if contested, evidence for the role of cow’s milk in Type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis, and Behcet’s disease. These evolving findings must be considered when we evaluate the current nutritional guidelines on cow’s milk.
Cow’s Milk in the Human Diet:
Humans are the only animals known to consume the milk of another species, a unique behavior that arose during the Neolithic Revolution. The end of the Younger Dryas coincided with a transformation of human subsistence patterns around the world. Populations of hunter-gatherers became more sedentary and experimented with the domestication of plants and animals. The first cattle were domesticated from wild aurochs (Bos primigenius) over 10,000 years ago, in regions that are part of present-day Turkey and Pakistan (McTavish et al. 2013).
There is disagreement about when cattle were first exploited for milk production. The “secondary products revolution” theory, popular during the 1980s and 1990s, held that Neolithic people did not consume dairy products until the fourth millennium BCE, despite much earlier advances in domestication (Sherratt, 1983: Greenfield et al., 1988). Recent evidence has pushed that date back as far as the 9th millennium BCE, when human beings were still “stock-keeping hunter-cultivators” (Vigne and Helmer, 2007).
Residue from pottery shards suggests that milk products were widely consumed in Southwestern Asia and Southeastern Europe by the seventh millennium BCE (Evershed et al. 2008). Since it was first consumed during the Neolithic period, cow’s milk has been an essential dietary staple for numerous populations around the globe and has developed an evolving cultural significance.
On the Indian subcontinent, cows have been revered for thousands of years and their milk is used for ritual purification as well as nutrition (Simmons, 1974). Ancient Norse mythology tells of how the first creature, Ymir, was sustained by milk from the sacred cow Auðumbla (Haug, Høstmark, and Harstad 2007).
In Medieval Europe, cow’s milk was venerated as a spiritual substance, embodying the divine rhythms of nature; during the Renaissance, it was celebrated for its taste and health-giving properties, with folk remedies citing it as a cure for everything from ulcers to epilepsy (Valenze, 2011).
Milk consumption was transformed by two factors in the 19th century: an improved – transportation system, which aided in the delivery of fresh milk from local farms to cities, and the development of pasteurization, which helped curb the very serious problem of milk-borne disease (Wilson, 1943: Atkins, 1978). These two advances made cow’s milk more safe and convenient than ever before and guaranteed its central place in the Western diet. Today cow’s milk and dairy products are an almost ubiquitous component of human nutrition, accounting for 14% of the caloric intake in developed countries (Bordoni et al., 2015). Global milk production amounted to an estimated 784 million tons in 2013, or 100 L of milk per year per person (Bordoni et al., 2015). This massive consumption occurs despite the fact that a substantial majority of the world’s adult population is deficient in the lactase enzyme and may experience digestion issues with dairy (Lomer et al. 2008).
[Mindy Knopfler graduated in June 2016 with a BS in Biology.]
About the author
How to reduce body heat: 10 natural & effective home remedies
The typical body temperature is around 98.6oFTrusted Source (37oC) according to experts, however, it can vary by up to 0.9oF (0.5oC) depending on the time of day. Average body temperature varies slightly from person to person.
A higher-than-normal body temperature is frequent after vigorous physical activity or on a hot day. Fever may be indicated by a body temperature of more than 100.4oF (38oC).
High body temperatures can be caused by a variety of factors, including hot weather, excessive physical activity, fever-producing illnesses, and some drugs.
We go through eight techniques for lowering body heat and the most prevalent reasons for excessive body temperature in this article.
Normal body temperatures
|Normal resting body temperature for adults||Between 36.24 and 37°C (97.2–98.6°F)|
|Mild fever temperature in adults||38°C (100.4°F)|
|High fever temperature in adults||39.5 °C (103.1°F)|
|Normal resting body temperature for babies||37.5°C (99.5°F)|
|Normal resting body temperature for pregnant women||35.6°C to 37.5°C around the 12th week of pregnancy (96 – 99.5°F)- 35.3°C to 37.3°C around the 33rd week of pregnancy (95.5 – 99.1°F)|
Body heat causes
The heat-related disease is caused by excess heat that raises your body’s core temperature, as the term suggests. Exercising, being inside a heated area, or being exposed to the elements can all cause heat. Sweat evaporation is difficult at high humidity (higher than 60%). When your body is unable to adequately dissipate heat, the balance of salt and water in your body becomes uneven, and your temperature rises, you have heart disease. Sweating is ineffective at keeping you cool.
Heat rash is the mildest of the four heat disorders, while heatstroke is the most dangerous. The following are the specific causes of the four illnesses:
Heat rash occurs when your perspiration becomes trapped beneath your skin and blocks your sweat glands.
Heat cramps occur when your muscles spasm due to excessive sweating and loss of salt (electrolytes) and fluids. It usually occurs while exercising in the heat.
Exhaustion due to the heat. This sickness can develop after spending a long time in high temperatures and not getting enough fluids.
A rapid rise in core temperature as a result of extreme heat and humidity causes heat stroke.
Body heat symptoms
1. Body heat rashes:
The pain is tingling or “prickly.”
Small pimples or blisters on your neck, crotch, underneath your breasts, armpits, or elbow creases where your skin touches more of your skin.
Small pimples or blisters on places that remain damp after sweating. Your neck and the inside of your elbow, as well as your upper chest, are among these places.
2. Body heat cramps
Legs, arms, and abdomen muscles ache
Leg, arm, or abdominal muscle contractions.
The body’s temperature is normal.
Cool, supple skin.
3. Body heat exhaustion
Breathing quickly and shallowly.
Heavy perspiration and thirst
Irritability and headache
Body temperature and pulse rate are both elevated.
Quick, weak pulse.
Cool, moist skin. Skin tone is light.
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are symptoms.
Dizziness, weakness, lack of coordination, and fainting are all symptoms of this condition.
4. Body heat stroke
A strong, rapid pulse.
Consciousness loss, dizziness, and fainting
Slurred speech, agitation, hallucinations, and a change in mental state.
Skin that’s dry, red, and heated.
A temperature of at least 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
Twitching of muscles
Despite the heat and humidity, there was no sweating.
Now you must be thinking about how to reduce body heat as it can be harmful to you. Or maybe you might be having some relatable symptoms so you must be searching for how to cool down internal body heat or how to control body heat.
How to reduce body heat?
1. Coconut water is a refreshing drink
Summertime’s greatest beverage, the body a cooling drink. Coconut water has natural cooling characteristics that can help you beat the heat of this summer. It can hydrate your body, thereby naturally balancing the temperature-generating electrolytes. Coconut water is usually tasty due to its malai content, as we say. To give your face a cooling sensation, sip the water and apply the leftover malai to your face.
This nutritious drink is high in probiotics, vitamins, and minerals, which help to keep our bodies cool even in hot weather. Buttermilk might help you chill down by drinking it once or twice a day. To boost your energy and naturally chill your body, sip a glass of cold buttermilk.
3. Aloe Vera Gel
The cooling effect of nature. When it comes to decreasing body heat both internally and externally, it does admirably. The gel can be applied to the skin and the cooling effect will be felt immediately. Alternatively, you can blend the aloe vera gel extract with the cucumber or mint to make a smooth combination. Feel the coldness coursing through your body as you drink it.
One of India’s most widely consumed and heat-reducing food herbs. It’s generally mixed into food or drinks to counteract the body’s natural heat. It not only regulates your body temperature but also has a pleasant cooling effect. More benefits can be obtained by adding mint to curd, buttermilk, or lemon water.
Aside from mangoes, watermelon is another fruit that is popular in India throughout the summer. Drinking watermelon usually contains up to 92 percent water, which helps to prevent dehydration and keep the body cool. It can help manage your body heat if ingested consistently.
Cucumber, like watermelons, has high water content. They’re also high in fiber, which can assist with constipation, which is a common problem during the summer or when your body temperature rises. Cucumber is utilized not only in salads but also in intensive facial treatments to relieve eye strain. It also helps to decrease excess calories in the body since it includes 95% water. The ideal summer companion!
Yes, you read that correctly, chili is also a cooling food for the body. In this section, we’ll discuss our hot tiny chilies. Peppers, on the other hand, can help you lower your body temperature. Capsaicin is the active element in chili peppers, according to a study. It works by sending a signal to the brain that your body is warming and sweating more than usual, resulting in a cooling effect. Isn’t it fascinating?
8. Water with Lemon
Lemon, which is high in Vitamin C, has been demonstrated to help reduce body temperature in studies. It also moisturizes and oxygenates the body, which might help you feel more energized and fresh during the heat. It’s also a crucial component of our homemade electrolyte.
Even onions have a cooling effect, which is surprising. It’s high in quercetin, which serves as an anti-allergen. It can also help you avoid getting sunstroke. And it is for this reason that our grandmothers prepare an onion and raw mango concoction every summer. You may eat them raw with a squeeze of lemon and a pinch of salt, or use them in salads, raitas, or sandwiches. Enjoy this common vegetable that is readily available.
Celery is a low-calorie vegetable and has many health benefits. It is 90% water and offers key nutrients that can help you stay cool in the summer. Sodium, potassium, iron, magnesium, calcium, and zinc are all abundant in celery.
If you’re feeling hot, these solutions should help you reduce body heat & chill down. Consult your doctor if your body temperature is unusually high for no apparent cause or if you don’t feel better after trying some of these methods. This is particularly critical if:
You have a serious medical problem.
You’ve reached the age of 65.
You’re either pregnant or breastfeeding.
It affects young children and babies.
If left untreated, heat stress can lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke, so seek treatment if you or a loved one is experiencing intense discomfort that doesn’t go away. Learn the signs and symptoms of heat emergencies as well.
About the author
Krishnendra is a passionate writer and loves travelling, singing and reading. He prefers to write more about niche than anything in general. Look out for his more articles in the coming future.
Chest Workout At Home: Fantastic Exercises To Build Strength & Muscle
The chest muscles are a distinguishing feature of strong anatomy. They do things like squeezing a pair of loppers to chop a tree branch and pushing a door open. They’re also the muscles that people talk about when discussing upper-body strength (“How much can you bench, bro?”).
The chest muscles are the defining element of muscle mass for bodybuilders and people interested in general physical attractiveness. For the bench press, powerlifters rely on them to get the best lift.
However, because these muscles facilitate arm mobility, they are extremely important from a functional standpoint.
A low waist-to-chest ratio was identified as the most appealing physical trait in males in a number of studies investigating perceived attractiveness. This occurs when a person’s waist is narrower than their chest.
Regardless of whether your objective is to have sculpted pecs or simply to be able to play Twister with your kids on the living room floor, everyone may benefit from strengthening the chest muscles.
10 chest workouts at home
1. Bench Press with Barbells
It’s fashionable these days to despise the bench press, yet it’s one of the most popular lifts for a reason. The normal barbell bench, for example, permits you to move the most weight. It’s also a more manageable lift than pressing large dumbbells. The exercise is also rather obvious, so don’t be hesitant to request one!
Classic protocols like 5×5 for muscle and strength, or even 10×10, dubbed German Volume Training, for pure mass, work well on the bench press. There are systematic bench press regimens like Bench 300 that might help you chase a huge number if you want to go serious.
Variations of the Barbell Bench Press for Chest Growth:
- Bench press using barbells (medium, wide, or close grip)
- Floor press with barbells
- Bench press with a barbell and chains
- Bench press with a neutral grip, a “Swiss bar,” or a multi-grip bar.
- Bench press with a reverse-grip barbell
- Bench press with a barbell “guillotine”
- Bench press with weights suspended
- Bench press with a reverse band
During your exercise: Bench press hard sets in lower rep ranges, such as 5-8 reps, at the start of your chest workout. For high-rep chest burnouts, there are better moves. To get a more complete chest workout, change up your grip width and style.
2. Push-ups (standard)
This is a beginner chest exercise at home. It’s a classic, but it’s a good home-chest workout. A wonderful chest workout is a push-up (or press-up — the phrases are interchangeable). Lay face down on the floor with your hands in line with your shoulders and your arms extended straight. Then get up on your toes and maintain a straight line from your heels to your neck. Make sure your hips aren’t flexed or your back isn’t curved. This reduces the efficiency of the push-up and puts you at risk of injuring yourself.
Bend your elbows and bring your chest as close to the floor as possible to perform a single push-up. If you don’t keep your back and legs straight the entire time, you won’t reap the benefits. Perform a set of 10 reps, then rest for 30 seconds before beginning again. You’re done after three sets. Start increasing the number of reps in each set as it becomes a little easier. When you want to push yourself even harder, add two reps to each set.
It’s critical to finish each rep slowly and carefully if you want to get the most out of each push-up and maintain your form. Don’t rush anything.
3. Bench Press using Dumbbells
It’s an age-old weight-room debate whether dumbbell or barbell presses are superior for growth. You can, fortunately, do both! The dumbbell variation, on the other hand, provides more versatility in the beginning, middle, and end of a chest workout.
Other advantages of dumbbells include the fact that each side’s muscle must operate independently, resulting in better-balanced strength and size. Dumbbells also provide a wider range of motion, which has been linked to muscular growth in some studies. On chest day, you can also easily change your grip to add diversity and a different stimulus.
Chest Growth with Dumbbell Bench Press Variations:
- Bench press with a neutral-grip dumbbell
- Bench press with a close-grip dumbbell
- Bench press with a single dumbbell
- Bench press with dumbbells alternated
Do flat dumbbell presses at the beginning of your chest session for heavy sets in lower rep ranges at least a portion of the time. They can also be used later in a chest workout for heavy reps, either flat or on an incline or decline.
Here’s what you shouldn’t do: Barbell bench press for a few sets, then dumbbell bench press for the same sets and reps. The similarity of these actions was corroborated by EMG research, which revealed no significant changes in muscle activation between flat-bench dumbbells and barbell presses.
4. Push-ups Made Slightly Easier
Keep in mind that push-ups will be a recurring theme throughout this article, but trust us when we say it’ll be worth it. If you’re new exercise for chest exercises at home or haven’t worked out in a while, conventional push-ups may be difficult, to begin with. If this is the case, there are some modifications you can make before attempting a full push-up.
To begin, instead of doing your push-up on your toes, you can perform it on your knees. However, you should keep your back and legs straight all the way down to your knees. When these become a little too simple, then go to the next level.
Push-ups are made easier when your hands are higher than your feet. Assume a conventional push-up stance, but instead of placing your hands on the floor, lift them slightly – on a sofa arm or a chair seat. The technique is the same in every other way. Incline push-ups are what they’re called.
5. Bench Press with Incline
In addition to being a classic approach to enhancing the upper chest, many lifters find that incline benching is a more comfortable “primary lift” for the shoulders than flat benching. It’s wonderful with a barbell or multi-grip bar, but dumbbells could be even better because you can modify your grip to focus on the upper pecs.
Pro tip: Many benches are set at a fairly steep angle, which works the front delts as well as the chest, according to EMG studies. If at all feasible, choose a lesser incline, such as 30 degrees, to concentrate on the upper pecs.
Bench Press Variations for Chest Growth on an Incline:
- Bench press with incline barbell (medium or close grip)
- Bench press with incline dumbbells
- Smith Bench press with an inclination
- With palms facing in, incline dumbbell bench
- incline bench press with dumbbells
In your exercise, a few heavy sets of 6-8 reps can be your bread and butter as a primary lift. Increase it to 8-10 as a secondary lift. Many chest workouts begin with flat-bench motions, but inclines should be used occasionally, especially if you’re trying to lift your upper chest.
6. ‘Spider-Man’ Push-ups
How to build chest muscle at home? Finally, this push-up variation is an excellent addition to any home chest workout routine. Begin in a regular push-up position, bending your elbows to lower your chest. Bend one of your knees and bring it up alongside you while you do this. Return to the starting position after a few seconds in this position. Then repeat the process with the opposite leg. To work on each side evenly, make sure you do an even number of these in each set.
This variation of the traditional push-up works your core as well as your chest, arm, and leg muscles.
7. Press Decline
The general consensus on the decline is that it is only for the lower chest. While it is effective for that, all-time greats prefer it because it hits the full chest and helps them to lift more and more easily than the flat bench. Six-time Mr. Olympia Dorian Yates uses it in his 6-Week Blood and Guts program.
Use a comfortable decline press machine, such as a plate-loaded hammer strength machine, if your gym has one. You can sit sideways and press across your body one arm at a time, in addition to the typical double-arm press. This unilateral chest motion emphasizes shoulder adduction, which is one of the pec major’s fundamental functions.
Bench Press Variations to Reduce Chest Growth:
- Barbell bench press decline
- Dumbbell bench press decline
- Smith machine press on the decline
- Reduce your leverage press.
In your workout, start with free-weight presses because they require more effort and stabilizer muscles than machine presses. Before graduating to lighter pump work, a machine version might be the final big exercise in your program.
8. Off-set Push-ups
This is a difficult chest workout at home. Begin in the usual push-up position, then lift one hand to rest on a stable surface. This might be anything from a chair to a coffee table. As long as it’s stable and flat. After that, perform a set of press-ups before switching arms. If you’re doing more than two sets, make sure you finish an equal amount of them to avoid working one side more than the other.
Including off-set push-ups in your at-home chest training regimen has numerous advantages. It works your pecs and delts while also putting greater pressure on your triceps, which helps you gain arm muscle. It also necessitates some serious core control, which means you’ll have to build abbs too.
9. Machine Chest Press
While free-weight pressing motions on a flat bench are excellent, machine and cable press versions offer some distinct advantages. For one thing, both the concentric and eccentric phases make it easier to slow down the repeat. Drop Sets can also be done swiftly on stack-loaded machines.
Do you want to take a break from free weights? It shouldn’t happen. The machine bench press activates the shoulders significantly less than free-weight versions, according to an EMG study. This allows you to focus on your pecs specifically.
Chest Growth Machine Chest Press Variations:
- Chest press machine
- Chest press with plates (flat, incline, decline)
- Chest press with cable (seated, standing, lying)
In your workout: Machine exercises should be done at the end of your workout for sets of at least 8-10 reps, adding drop sets or rest-pause sets if you’re up to them. This is when you’ll find out if that pre-workout supplement you’ve been using is up to par! Pump your pecs until they’re completely exhausted, then finish strong.
10. Push-ups on one leg
This is the best at-home chest workout. To perform this at-home chest workout, you’ll need some serious strength. Begin in a conventional push-up position and then elevate one leg. Before switching legs, complete your set of reps (aim to get to 10) while keeping your glutes tight. Alternatively, you could switch legs between reps. Just make sure that each leg gets an equal amount of reps.
About the author
10 Benefits Of Moringa Powder And How You Can Use It
Moringa oleifera is a tropical and subtropical plant native to northern India that can also be found in Asia and Africa. This plant’s leaves, petals, seeds, and roots have been utilized in folk medicine for ages.
10 moringa benefits
1. Skin and hair protection and nourishment
Moringa seed oil protects hair from free radicals while also keeping it clean and healthy. Moringa also includes protein, which helps to protect skin cells from oxidative stress. It also has moisturizing and detoxifying properties that benefit the skin and hair. It is effective in treating skin infections and sores.
2. Edema treatment
Edema is a painful disorder in which fluid accumulates in specific bodily parts. Moringa’s anti-inflammatory qualities could help to prevent edema from forming.
3. Keeping the liver healthy
Moringa appears to protect the liver from anti-tubercular medication damage and can speed up the healing process.
4. Cancer prevention and treatment
Moringa extracts have characteristics that may aid in the prevention of cancer. It also contains niazimicin, a chemical that inhibits the growth of cancerous cells.
5. Dealing with stomach issues
Some stomach diseases, including constipation, gastritis, and ulcerative colitis, may benefit from moringa extracts. Moringa’s antibiotic and antibacterial characteristics may aid in the prevention of pathogen growth, and its high vitamin B concentration aids digestion.
6. Defending against bacterial infections
Moringa extracts may be used to treat infections caused by Salmonella, Rhizopus, and E. coli because of their antibacterial, antifungal, and antimicrobial capabilities.
7. Diabetic treatment
Moringa helps to lower blood glucose levels as well as sugar and protein levels in the urine. The hemoglobin levels and overall protein content of individuals who were tested improved as a result of this.
8. Asthma treatment
Moringa has been shown to help lower the intensity of asthma attacks and protect against bronchial constriction. It’s also been proven to help with lung function and breathing in general.
9. Defending against kidney problems
If people consume moringa extract, they may be less prone to develop stones in their kidneys, bladder, or uterus. Moringa is abundant in antioxidants, which may help reduce toxicity in the kidneys.
10. Reducing high blood pressure
How to use moringa powder?
Animals have been employed as test subjects in a lot of moringa research thus far. We don’t know if the same consequences would occur in humans. Researchers are still trying to figure out how extracts from this tree affect individuals, but preliminary research suggests it may help with:
Diabetes: moringa powder uses insulin-like proteins that have been shown in preliminary trials to help decrease blood sugar levels. Plant compounds present in the leaves may aid in the body’s sugar processing and influence how insulin is released.
Cancer: Leaf extracts reduced the growth of pancreatic cancer cells in lab studies, allowing chemotherapy to work more effectively. Moringa leaves, bark, and roots have all been shown in lab trials to have anti-cancer properties, which could lead to the development of novel medications.
Memory: Some experts believe that antioxidants and other health-promoting plant compounds can help the brain repair from stress and inflammation.
Drumstick benefits for male
Drumstick benefits for men include maintaining prostate health, managing Erectile Dysfunction, regulating blood sugar levels, and improving male fertility. Furthermore, it has anti-aging qualities, enhances hair health, strengthens bones, and aids in weight loss.
Side effects of moringa
Anyone thinking about using moringa should talk to their doctor first. Moringa is not suggested for pregnant women since it may have anti-fertility properties. There have been extremely few documented side effects. People should carefully read the extracted label and adhere to the dosing guidelines.
The following are some of the drugs to be wary of:
Thyroid disorders are treated with levothyroxine. Moringa leaf compounds may help with thyroid function, however, they should not be used in conjunction with other thyroid medications.
Any drugs that the liver may be able to break down: Moringa extract may hasten this process, which could result in a variety of adverse effects or difficulties.
Diabetes drugs: Diabetes meds work by lowering blood sugar levels, which moringa does as well. It’s critical to keep blood sugar levels from dropping too low.
High blood pressure medication: Moringa has been demonstrated to reduce blood pressure. Therefore, if you take moringa with other blood pressure medications, your blood pressure may drop too low.
1 teaspoon of moringa powder nutrition facts
Amount Per Serving
Calories from Fat 14
% Daily Value*
2%Total Fat 1.6ggrams
0%Saturated Fat 0 grams
Trans Fat 0 grams
0%Cholesterol 0mg milligrams
1%Sodium 35 mg milligrams
3%Total Carbohydrates 10ggrams
14%Dietary Fiber 3.6ggrams
How to use moringa powder for weight loss?
Moringa extract has been demonstrated to be useful in lowering and managing weight gain in rats. Its high vitamin B concentration aids in smooth and quick digestion, as well as assisting the body in converting food into energy rather than fat storage.
Moringa is thought to have the following properties:
- lowering weight gain
- assisting in the reduction of cholesterol and blood pressure
- help the body convert fats into energy by reducing inflammation.
- increase energy levels and reduce fatigue
In short, If you’re wondering how to eat moringa powder, the best option is to make moringa tea. It’s packed with nutrients and can be made in just a few minutes at home.
Take one to two cups of water and put it in a pan. Bring it to a boil with some moringa powder.
Strain the mixture and drink it as tea in the morning.
Moringa, like all supplements, is not regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), therefore there may be issues regarding purity or quality. Above all, it’s critical to know whether the producers’ claims are true, whether the product is safe to use, and what potential adverse effects there might be.
There is a lot of recent research to back up the benefits mentioned above, albeit many of the studies are still in the early stages of development or the tests were conducted on animals rather than humans, so there is still much more work to be done.
About the author
Charlotte is a health, beauty and wellness blogger and a mother of two, who lives between India and London